The Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF) is the new way in which the
State of California funds school districts. For nearly 40 years,
California has relied on a public school system that included general
purpose funding (known as revenue limits) and more than 40 tightly
defined categorical programs. Under LCFF, California funds school
districts per student with adjustments based on grade levels and
demographic characteristics. The LCFF also requires that school
districts develop a Local Control Accountability Plan (LCAP) that
requires parent and community input prior to adoption.
When does LCFF start?
LCFF was approved by the California Legislature and Governor Jerry Brown
in June 2013. It went into effect for the 2013-14 academic year. The
LCAP was required for the 2014-15 school year.
When will the LCFF be fully implemented?
Implementation of the LCFF began in 2013–14. Initially, the state
Department of Finance (DOF) estimated that achieving full funding levels
for school districts and charter schools under the LCFF would take
eight years based on then-current Proposition 98 growth projections,
which would result in full implementation by fiscal year 2020-21. Full
implementation for COEs was estimated to take two years. While those
initial timelines have not formally changed, we are ahead of the initial
What is different?
Under the previous model, there were more than 40 categories of
funding, each for a specific purpose identified by the State. The LCFF
model has three forms of funding, with more local discretion on
determining how the funds are spent.
Base Grant for all students.
Supplemental Grant (focused on all English Language Learners, Free and Reduced Priced Meal eligible students, and foster youth).
Concentration Grant (focus on each English Language Learner, Free
and Reduced Priced Meal eligible or foster youth student above 55% of
the district-wide enrollment).
I’ve heard that the LCFF includes accountability measures for how state funds are spent. What does that mean?
Districts must develop a Local Control and Accountability Plan (LCAP)
that is approved by the Board of Education every June at the same time
as the budget. The LCAP includes goals and priorities, with particular
attention to English Learners, socio-economically disadvantaged students
and Foster Youth. The LCAP explicitly documents how expenditures are
aligned to academic planning and progress. Parents and other stakeholder
groups participate in the development of the LCAP. The district must
adopt a three-year plan and update it annually.
What is the Local Control and Accountability Plan (LCAP)?
The LCAP is an important component of the LCFF. Under the LCFF all LEAs
are required to prepare an LCAP, which describes how they intend to meet
annual goals for all pupils, with specific activities to address state
and local priorities identified pursuant to EC Section 52060(d).
What is the term of the LCAP?
The LCAP is a three year plan that has to be updated annually.
What does the LCAP measure?
The LCAP must include annual goals in eight state priority areas.
Other Student Outcomes
Implementation of Common Core State Standards
How is the LCAP developed?
Districts must establish and prioritize eight goals areas listed above.
They are required to indicate the steps it will take to meet the annual
goals. Districts must use a State Board adopted LCAP template and
solicit input from various stakeholders.
When is the LCAP adopted?
Districts must adopt an LCAP at the same time it adopts a budget, which is prior to July 1st of every year.
What does student subgroup refer to?
This refers to the subgroups of students to be included in the Local
Control and Accountability Plan (LCAP). They are the following:
Black or African American
American Indian or Alaska Native
Hispanic or Latino
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Two or more races
Socioeconomically disadvantaged students
Students with disabilities
What does the term “unduplicated pupils” refer to?
Unduplicated of pupils are students who (1) are English learners, (2)
meet income or categorical eligibility requirements for free or
reduced-price meals under the National School Lunch Program, or (3) are
foster youth. “Unduplicated count” means that each pupil is counted only
once even if the pupil meets more than one of these criteria (EC
sections 2574(b)(2) and 42238.02(b)(1)).
Does the LCAP replace Local Educational Agency Plans (LEAPs) required
under the federal Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)?
The LCAP does not replace the federal requirements related to LEA Plans
in Section 1112 of the ESEA. However, the LCAP template will be
developed by the SBE in a manner that meets both the LCAP requirements
and the federal requirements, and the SBE will take steps to minimize
duplication of effort at the local level to the greatest extent possible
(EC Section 52064).
How does the LCAP affect school site plans (i.e., Single Plan for Student Achievement, Site LCAPs)?
According to EC Section 52062, specific actions included in the LCAP, or
the annual update of the LCAP, must be consistent with the strategies
included in the school plans submitted pursuant to EC Section 64001.